Course Description

Dancers coordinate their body to move with the laws of physics. 

Even expert movement is never perfect.

This course addresses the intriguing concept of the essential and unavoidable role of movement variability in movement expertise. Discover this amazing concept and you may change the way you look at dance forever!

3 hrs time valued on demand CPD. Includes three months access.

Course aims

  • Summarise the interactions between body systems in creating movement
  • Introduce how movement variability is produced between the body and the laws of physics
  • Describe how movement variability is required for learning and adaptive movement
  • Apply the theories of movement variability to the performance of pirouettes
  • Propose how movement variability exists in the studio to enhance learning

Learning outcomes

  • Consider the role of movement variability in movement learning
  • Adapt learning experiences in the studio to incorporate movement variability
  • Support individual and variable movement strategies in students




Founder, Dance Knowledge

Dr Luke Hopper

Dr Luke Hopper is an Australian dance scientist with a research focus on the biomechanics of dancer performance and injury. Luke’s research has involved collaboration with major ballet companies in the Australia and the UK and has served on the board of directors of the International Association for Dance Medicine & Science and is the president of the Australian Society for Performing Arts Healthcare.

Course curriculum


This course is included in our Access All Courses, no lock in, monthly subscription.